Your Cheat Sheet for Diabetes

Diabetes doesn’t have to make changes to your life, you need to make changes to your habits to control/prevent diabetes. The first step to this is to acknowledge yourself of these conditions.

Type 1 Diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes the insulin creating beta cells in the pancreas to be decimated, keeping the body from having the capacity to deliver enough insulin to adequately manage blood glucose levels.

Symptoms of Type 1:

–    Intense increase in thirst and hunger.

–    Fatigue and weakness.

–    Blurred vision

–    Sudden weight loss without any diet or exercise.

What causes Type 1?

–    One of the most important factors for the Type 1 Diabetes is the body’s immune system itself. The immune system targets and kills the beta cells present in the pancreases which produce insulin resulting in a low level of insulin in the body.

–    Due to this, the body cannot control its blood glucose levels which results in the symptoms of diabetes.

How to take care of it?

–    In the case of Type 1 Diabetes, the best way is to consult a doctor for medicine and have regular check-ups as instructed.

–    There are various tests like Ketone Test, C-peptide Test and GAD autoantibodies test which is instructed by the doctor.

–    Depending on these tests and check-ups, the person is given the medicines in the form of insulin to maintain the level.

 

Type 2 Diabetes:

Due to the inconvenience of metabolizing glucose, Type 2 diabetes takes place. This causes an increase in the level of glucose in the blood which can harm the organs. Since the metabolism of glucose happens in the body already, people with type 2 diabetes are advised to watch what they are eating; a controlled amount of sugar intake, sugar even in its natural form found in various fruits and vegetables are to be taken in moderation.

Symptoms of Type 2:

–    A sudden increase in thirst and hunger.

–    Unexplained weight loss

–    Constant headaches and blurred vision

–    Weak immune system (fall sick often and easily)

What causes Type 2?

–    Insulin is released from the pancreas into the bloodstreams enables sugar to enter the cells.

–    This results in a lower level of sugar in the bloodstream. Once that drops, the secretion of insulin drops as well from the pancreas.

–    Glucose (sugar) is an essential source of energy for cells to make up muscles and other tissues.

–    If this element is controlled or in short supply, it causes a problem in the development as well.

How to take care of it?

–    Constantly monitoring the blood sugar level is an important habit to keep once aware of this problem.

–    There are various diabetes diet regimes one can follow in order to keep in check.

–    Under the prescription of the doctor, there are pills which can be taken in order to manage the blood sugar level.

 

Gestational Diabetes:

This specific type of diabetes only happens during pregnancy. It usually means that the blood sugar levels were normal before the pregnancy was conceived. Under proper monitoring by a doctor, this can be prevented from transferring to the child.

Once the child is born, this condition generally goes away but sometimes it leads to the development of Type 2 Diabetes.

Symptoms:

–    An increase in hunger and thirst.

–    Urge to urinate more often.

What causes Gestational Diabetes?

–    The development of the placenta during the pregnancy can make hormones which make excess glucose in the blood. Pancreases, who are responsible for the development of insulin can usually handle this level of sugar. Sometimes, this isn’t the case, the sugar levels rise up and cause gestational diabetes.

How to take care of it?

–    Monitoring the blood sugar level is crucial – at least 4 times a day.

–    Urine test to check for ketones, which indicates your diabetes isn’t under control.

–    On recommendations by the doctor, have a healthy diet and exercising is important.